The Tawhid (Arabic: توحيد, monotheism, uniqueness) is the fundamental tenet of Islam, religion monotheistic. It is the belief in one God without any possible mental representation, without partner, without equal and without an intercessor. His term comes from the verb Wahad (وحد), which means ‘unify’, ‘make it unique’ or ‘declare that it is the only one with this specificity’ in a figurative sense.
First Pillar of Islam
Tawheed is the first pillar of the Muslim Faith Al-Iman (Arabic: إيمان), while the Shahada, is the expression of Tawhid, representing the first of the five pillars of religious practice.
The most important teaching of the Prophet of Islam Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) faith in Tawheed, or the Oneness of ALLAH (Subhana Watala). In Arabic, the term Tawheed comes from the word Wahid which literally means “Unique” and the verb Waḥada (وحد), which means “making something one” or “assert the uniqueness of something”. The Tawhid is taught directly by ALLAH (Subhana Watala) through Quran Kareem, divine revelation and the Sunnah, prophetic tradition which abound in examples of implementation of Tawheed daily by Muhammad (peace be upon him). The word Tawheed is used in a grammatical form which involves the transitive action to do. Thus, the Tawhid implies making Wahid. The word Wahid is the opposite of the plurality and returns a unique singular thing.
In a religious context, the word tawhid means devoting all acts of worship exclusively to ALLAH (Subhana Watala), which is the Wahid Unique or which reference the word tawhid. Thus, the Tawhid infers that ALLAH (Subhana Watala) is one, unique, with no son, parents, no relatives, no partners or any similar or equal. Its difference with the creatures is absolute. The affirmation of the oneness of ALLAH (Tawḥidullah) is the first duty of a Muslim to say: “I bear witness that there is no god but ALLAH (Subhana Watala) and that the Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His Messenger”
In Islam, the need for affirmation of monotheism or Tawhid by men, is the cause of sending all the Prophets and all the Sacred Books they received “To every community We sent a messenger: “Worship ALLAH, and avoid idolatry” (Al Quran, 16:36)
The very foundation of the creation of man is the worship of ALLAH: “I have not created the jinn and mankind except to worship Me” (Al Quran, 51:56)
Basic Teaching of Islam
The Tawhid, or the uniqueness of ALLAH (Subhana Watala) is the basic teaching of Islam as it is in the Quran or Sunnah. Islam teaches that ALLAH (Subhana Watala) is unique and absolute. The Quran focuses its message on Tawhid. The iconic Surat pure monotheism Al-Ikhlas was revealed when the Prophet (peace be upon him) began to present Islam to his people and that he asked who is ALLAH:
This Surah perfectly summarizing the meaning of Tawhid is quoted in a Hadith as equivalent to one third of the Quran (Imam Malik’s Muwatta)
Tawheed is logical evidence in Islam. In this, the Quran calls human beings to reason and think observing the organization of the creation, the vastness of the universe, harmony and extreme care natural processes or the human condition in order to certify the existence of one God and believe and obey It.
Through the Quran, it is only ALLAH (Subhana Watala) who communicates himself Its characteristics, His attributes, His names and what He expects of humans.
Opposite of Tawhid
The Tawhid opposes shirk or “association sin of polytheism.” The Shirk is a notice of appeal, supplication or prayer committed to someone or something other than the ALLAH (the Creator), (worship of idols or statues, invocation of the dead, etc.) It means adoration is not exclusively devoted to Allah without intermediary or partner. According to the Quran, shirk is the greatest sin in the eyes of ALLAH (Subhana Watala), because it is the only sin that is not forgiven if the person who commits dies without repenting:
“ALLAH (Subhana Watala) will not forgive association with Him, but He forgives anything less than that to whomever He wills. Whoever associates anything with ALLAH (Subhana Watala) has devised a monstrous sin. (Al Quran, 4:48)
Tawheed as exclusive worship God alone, it is considered the message sent by God to all his prophets since the beginning of time. This is transmitted to the post Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, and all other Messengers, Prophets and Messengers. Last time that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) would be the heir of the monotheistic message and makingTawhid history preached by all the prophets, which is now called Islam. Islam does not see itself as a new religion, but rather as a resurgence of the same eternal message of Tawheed revealed through the ages by all the Prophets and Messengers of ALLAH (Subhana Watala).
We never sent a messenger before you without inspiring him that: “There is no god but I, so worship Me.” (Al Quran, 51:25)