Namaz (Salat / Salah / Pray)
The prayer has set times to run. Allah (Subhana Watala) said in Quran: “True prayer has been prescribed for the believers determined times”. (Surah 4 – Verse 103)
It is prescribed and certified as the Quran said those hours in the following verse: “And perform prayer at the two ends of the day and a few hours of the night. Good deeds erase bad this is a warning for those who think”. (Surah 11 – Verse 114)
In Sura Taha: “Celebrate the praises of your Lord before sunrise and after sunset, the famous overnight, Famous-The morning and evening, if you wish to be happy”. (Surah 20 – Verse 130)
In Surat Israel: “Recite your prayer for the decline of the sun until the dark of night. Recite the Quran at dawn, this is a good time”. (Surah 17 – Verse 78)
Praise Allah before sunrise: That is the dawn prayer, and celebration before the sunset prayer means in the afternoon, as indicated by the report narrated in both “Sahihs” after Jarir bin ‘Abdullah El-Bajli who said: “We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) he contemplated the moon and said,” you will see your Lord as you see this moon, and you will never be deprived of seeing so if you can pray before sunrise and before sunset, do it.” Then he recited this verse (cited above).
Besides these are the hours fixed by the Quran. As for the Prophetic tradition, he has specified as follows:
According to Abdullah bin Umar the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The time of the noon prayer begins when the sun leaves the meridian, while the shadow of the man with the length of its size until the time of prayer in the afternoon which extends until the sun jaundice. The time of the sunset prayer extends to the disappearance of the twilight. The time of the evening prayer extends until midnight. The time for Fajr begins at the break of dawn and ends before the clear appearance of the sun. Once emerged, stop praying because it rises between the two horns of Satan.” (Muslim)
According to Jabir bin Abdullah (R.A.) Jibril (A.S.) came to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Arise and make this prayer.” Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) made the noon prayer when the sun has left the meridian. Then the time of the afternoon came, he said, “Get up and make this prayer.” And he did the prayer of the afternoon when the shadow of a thing has reached its length then the time sunset came. He told him: “Get up and pray this,” he made the sunset prayer when the sun is fully coated. Then it was time for the evening, he said, “Get up and make this prayer.” He then made the evening prayer at the disappearance of the twilight. When dawn finally was cleared he told her the same thing.
During the noon prayer on the second day Jibril (A.S.) came to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Arise and pray this” and he made the noon prayer when the shadow of a thing reaches its length, then the time the afternoon. However on arrival time of sunset Jibril (A.S.) ordered him to say his prayers at the same time yesterday. Then after crossing half the night (or he said the passage of two-thirds of the night) he ordered him to evening prayer. Finally, when the dawn appeared, he ordered him to the dawn prayer. And he said: “The time set for the prayers are limited by both time.” (Ahmad, Nasai and Tirmidhy)
Bukhary (R.A.) said: ”It is the most authentic in terms of the hours fixed for the prayers.” He meant: Prayer led by Jibril (A.S.).
Noon Prayer (Zohar Namaz) Time
The time fixed for the noon prayer
The time of the noon prayer begins when the sun leaves the meridian “being up” at a time when the shadow of a thing reaches its length except the shadow caused by the decline. But it is better to delay the noon prayer at the beginning of the time when the heat is excessive because it prevents the fear of Allah in prayer and leads man to rush. There are many hadiths that reinforce this view: 1 From Anas (R.A.) “The Prophet (peace be upon him) hastened to prayer in its early hours “It was cold, but it was very hot waiting for the freshness to perform prayer.” (Bukhary)
According to Abu Dhar (R.A.) “We were traveling with the Prophet (peace be upon him). When the muezzin wanted to call to noon prayer, he said, “waiting for freshness.” Shortly after the muezzin still wanted to call to prayer. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “expects freshness” and he repeated it two or three times. Finally when we saw the shadow of the hills, he said: “Excessive heat is an offshoot of Hell, so if it is hot, wait freshness to perform prayer.” (Bukhary – Muslim)
The limits of freshness
There is a disagreement between the Ulema about the limits of freshness, some said we should wait until the length of the shadow extends from an elbow after the decline, others have said, it is necessary that the length of the shadow is a quarter the size, and was told that it should be a third of the size, it also said it should be half the size, and was told something else but practiced rule is that the limits are determined by the opportunities provided they do not have extend to the end of the set time for prayer.
Afternoon Prayer (Asr Namaz) Time
The time set for the afternoon prayer
The time of the afternoon starts when the shadow of a thing reaches its length, and that other than the shadow caused by the decline, and this time extends until sunset. According to Abu Huraira (R.A.) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever manages to make a one rak’ahs at the afternoon, before the sun layer will be complete in time for the prayer of the afternoon.” (El- Jamaa)
Bayhaqy (R.A.) reported according to the following version: “Whoever does one rakahs of prayer in the afternoon before the sun layer, and manages to complete the rest after the sun has not missed the afternoon prayer.”
Moment of choice and time abhorred
The times are the perfect choice and end with the yellow sun. That’s how it was explained to the hadith of Jabir and Abdullah bin Umar, already mentioned, it is permissible to delay prayer after yellowing but is abhorred, if there is no excuse. According to Anas (R.A.) I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: “It is the prayer of false devotee, he sits watching the sun until it is between the two horns of Satan at that moment he gets up and runs 4 rakahs quickly mentioning Allah very little “ (Ibn Maja, EI-Jamaa)
In interpreting “Sahih Muslim” Nawawi said: Our companions said there five times for prayer in the afternoon:
- Time of perfection
- Moment of choice
- Moment of PEI: Mission without abhorred
- Moment of permission but abhorred
- Time for those who have excuses
The perfect moment occurs at the beginning of time, the moment of choice extends until the length of the shadow is twice that of the object, the permission extends to yellowing sun, one of the hated permission extends yellowing at sunset and finally when those excuses is the time of the noon prayer for those who joined the prayer of the afternoon with that of noon because of travel or rain. In these moments of prayer will be fulfilled eventually but if we lost moments after sunset it will not be carried forward and will be redone later.
The affirmation of the earliest possible place in a cloudy day
Burayda (R.A) said: We were with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) on an expedition, he said: “Perform the prayer of a cloudy day as soon as possible. For whoever lacks the prayer of the afternoon will be eliminated all his good work.” (Ahmad – Ibn Majah)
Ibn Qayem said: ”There are two kinds of negligence: if not pray forever, in this case all his works will be eliminated, but if he fails once in a given day. His good work in this day will be eliminated.”
The prayer of the afternoon is the middle prayer
Allah (Subhana Watala) said: (Observe prayers punctually, including through prayer, contribute to the glory of Allah (Subhana Watala) full of fervor). (Sura 2 – Verse 238)
Authentic hadith have said that prayer is the prayer through the afternoon.
According to Ali (R.A.) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said on the day of the battle of the Allies: “Allah fill their graves and fire their houses, because they gave us the diversion through prayer until sunset.” (Bukhary – Muslim)
In another version reported by Muslim, Ahmad and Abu Dawood: ”They gave us the diversion through prayer, the prayer of the afternoon.”
Sunset Prayer (Maghrib Namaz) Time
The time set for the sunset prayer
The prayer time sunset occurs when the sun goes down and it disappears into the horizon extends to the disappearance of the twilight as indicated by the hadith of Abdullah bin Umar (R.A.) who said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The time of the sunset prayer begins when the sun tans layer the horizon, before the disappearance of the twilight.” (Muslim)
who also reported from Abu Musa (R.A.) that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) about the hours fixed for prayer, then he quoted the hadith and ordered him to prayer at sunset the disappearance of the horizon, and the next day he was ordered to delay the prayer until the disappearance of the twilight, and told him: ”Hours of this prayer are limited by these two moments”
Nawawi said in the interpretation of Sahih Muslim: “Our fellow researchers have looked to prefer permission to delay as long as the twilight has not disappeared and it is allowed to run between these times, and we should not blame those who did not executed at the beginning of his time.”
Indeed, this view is correct and valid, or the hadith cited about prayer led by Jibril (A.S.) where he mentioned that “it was the prayer of sunset in two days at the same time”, says the preference run this prayer at the beginning of his time and some hadiths have stated that:
- According to Es-Saib bin Yazid (R.A.) the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “My nation will keep the good fuel as they do the sunset prayer before the stars appeared.” (Ahmad – Tabaniny)
- In the “Musnad” from Abu Ayub El-Ansary (R.A.) The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Make the sunset prayer when the fasting man breaks his fast before the appearance of stars.”
- In “Sahih Muslim” According rafe bin Khadij (R.A.): “We did the sunset prayer with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and the one started at a time when we could see where his arrows fall.”
- Also According to El-Salama bin Akwa (R.A.) the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was the prayer of sunset when the sun goes down and disappears from the horizon.
Evening Prayer (Esha Namaz) Time
The time set for the evening prayer
The evening prayer is held after the onset of dusk, and extends to the middle of the night. According to Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) they were the evening prayer between the disappearance of the twilight and the first third of the night. (Bukhary) and from Abu Huraira (R.A.) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “If I am afraid it hurts my nation, I would order to delay the evening prayer until the passage of the third or half the night.” (Ahmad, Ibn Maja and Tirmidhy)
Abu Saeed (R.A.) said: We waited for the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) one night to the evening prayer with him, once he arrived, he directed three our prayer and said: ”You can go back to your places, people already won their diapers, you will have the reward of praying the moment which you expect. If there is not among you weak, the sick and people who work and need it done, I am delaying prayer until half the night will have” (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Nasai and Ibn Khuzayma)
As at the time of permission and necessity, it extends until dawn as stated in the hadith of Abu Qatada (R.A.) who narrated from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him): “There is exaggeration in sleep except for one who has not made his prayer, and sleeps until the arrival of the end of the second prayer.” (Muslim)
On the other hand it shows what hours fixed for all prayers extend to the beginning of the end of the other prayer except for the dawn prayer, because his hours do not extend to the beginning of the term the noon prayer. According to Ulema (scholars) it term ends with the sunrise.
The recommendation to delay the evening prayer
It is recommended to delay the evening prayer the end of his time of choice. That is to say, half the night as indicated by the hadith of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) who said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) delayed after the evening prayer until that most of the night has passed, then said: “This is the time of this prayer if it does not hurts my nation.” (Muslim – Nasai)
Also we have already quoted the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (R.A.) that Abu Said and (R.A.) they both have the same meaning as that of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and indicate the recommendation to delay the evening prayer.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) was not applied to perform at this time because it was difficult for the other executors when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was observing the attitudes of people who prayed with him, and sometimes he walked and sometimes he delayed. According to Jaber (R.A.) The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was the prayer of the afternoon when the sun is still white and clean, and it was the sunset prayer when he disappeared from the horizon, as the evening prayer, he the advanced if they were assembled and they were late he delayed. As for the dawn prayer the Prophet (peace be upon him) would execute before the light appeared, (That is to say at the end of the night). (Bukhary – Muslim)
Morning Prayer (Fajr Namaz) Time
The time set for the Morning Prayer
The Prophet said: “The most burdensome prayers for the hypocrites are salaat al-isha and salaat al-fajr, but if they only knew what they contain a reward, they would come even if they had to crawl.” (Ahmad)
He also said: “Whoever prays Fajr under the protection of Allah Do not put yourself in a situation where you to account for your negligence Allah” (Tabaraani)
It also says. “Angels take turns with you night and day they meet at salat al-fajr and that of al-Asr, those who stayed with you at night resumed their ascent and are questioned by One Who Knows better than they: “How did you let My servants” They say? Starting, we let praying and returning, we found them praying.” (Bukhaari)
According to a Sahih Hadith: “Whoever prays al-Bardayn enter Paradise” (Bukhaari)
Bardayn are Al-Fajr Al and Al Asr. Way to help us not to miss this important prayer we can take into account the threats and the reward mentioned in the hadith quoted but also take the following habits in sha Allah! Some merits the prayer of Fajr “Whoever made this prayer time (plus Al isha the day) it’s like he did Al qiyam (the night prayer) throughout the night. “ Be under the protection of Allah. “Angels attend this prayer (and that of Al Asr)“
Sleeping and evil activities
Shaitan puts every night nodes on each of us, the one who rises to the prayer of Fajr makes Dhikr (Subhan Allah, La ilaha illa Allah, or whatever …), then made his ablution and pray Allah rid of all these nodes and the person becomes happy and active (vibrant). “Whoever up for this prayer does not give the opportunity to Shaitan urinating in the ears (while those who do not rise, Shaitan urine in their ears). * The Prophet (s) said that the one who makes Al Al Fajr and Asr, Allah will admit to Paradise. Some boards will perhaps you seem crazy, but apply them, you will be surprised to bed early. According to a sahih hadith, the Prophet did not like sleeping before Esha and talk after. Ensure that it is clean (taahir) and recite Adhkaar (invocations) before falling asleep. This helps the people to stand up for fajr. Having a sincere intention and being determined to stand up for fajr at bedtime. Remembering Allah dice awakening. Some may initially rise, and go back to bed. But if we remember Allah soon the alarm, it will untie the knots of Shaytaan, and will motivate you to lever. Quand accomplishes Wudhu (ablution), our determination becomes stronger and even more on the Shaytaan away. Seek help from family to pray Fajr and encourage each other to this end. ”Help you one another in piety and fear of Allah” (al-Maaidah 5: 2)
“By al Asr (the time) ! Surely man goes to his loss, Except those who believe and do good works and recommend the truth and recommend patience.” (Al-’Asr 103 :1-3) Invoke Allah to help us get up to pray fajr on time. Dua is one of the greatest sources of strength and success in all things.
Throwing water on the face of the sleeping person
Prophet praised the man who gets up at night to pray and wake his wife, and when he refuses to get up, he throws water on his face, and he praised the woman who gets up at night to pray and wakes up her husband, and when he refuses to get up, she throws water on his face (Ahmad)
Being lively and active upon waking
We should stand up immediately and not get up in stages. The only way to avoid going back to sleep is to get up immediately. Do not stay up late, even to pray qiyaam al-layl. Some can stay late to pray qiyaam al- layl and follow asleep a few minutes before fajr and be unable to stand for prayer. Do not eat too much before going to sleep, we take deeper sleep when we ate too much. Those who eat a lot and get tired so much they sleep. This is why you should try to eat light in the evening.
Follow the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in his sleeping position. It should lie on the right side, place the right cheek in the right hand. This position makes it easy awakening. The best advice is the advice Mohammed (peace be upon him) and it’s better to sleep as well as in any other position that makes it difficult to wake up. Helping napping during the day in the sense that we will then need less sleep at night.
Do not sleep between Asr and Maghrib, because after that we will set later and later lying was more difficult to remove. Sincere devotion Allah (Subhana Watala) is the best motivation to get up for prayer, because Allah (Subhana Watala) is the One who controls all the aid. If a person is really sincere and heart burning devotion to Allah (Subhana Watala), then Allah (Subhana Watala) will help him get up to pray al -fajr on time, even if it goes down a few moments before fajr.
“Whoever prays fajr is under the protection Allah (Subhana Watala). Do not put yourself in a situation where you have to account for your negligence to Allah (Subhana Watala), because whoever is in this situation will be set apart and then thrown into the Fire of Hell” (Muslim)
Original Article: Pray Timing Worldwide