Tawheed (Oneness of ALLAH)


Tawhid Oneness of ALLAHThe Tawhid (Arabic:  توحيد, monotheism, uniqueness) is the fundamental tenet of Islam, religion monotheistic. It is the belief in one God without any possible mental representation, without partner, without equal and without an intercessor. His term comes from the verb Wahad (وحد), which means ‘unify’, ‘make it unique’ or ‘declare that it is the only one with this specificity’ in a figurative sense.

First Pillar of Islam

Tawheed is the first pillar of the Muslim Faith Al-Iman (Arabic:  إيمان), while the Shahada, is the expression of Tawhid, representing the first of the five pillars of religious practice.

The most important teaching of the Prophet of Islam Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) faith in Tawheed, or the Oneness of ALLAH (Subhana Watala). In Arabic, the term Tawheed comes from the word Wahid which literally means “Unique” and the verb Waḥada (وحد), which means “making something one” or “assert the uniqueness of something”. The Tawhid is taught directly by ALLAH (Subhana Watala) through Quran Kareem, divine revelation and the Sunnah, prophetic tradition which abound in examples of implementation of Tawheed daily by Muhammad (peace be upon him). The word Tawheed is used in a grammatical form which involves the transitive action to do. Thus, the Tawhid implies making Wahid. The word Wahid is the opposite of the plurality and returns a unique singular thing.

tawhidIn a religious context, the word tawhid means devoting all acts of worship exclusively to ALLAH (Subhana Watala), which is the Wahid Unique or which reference the word tawhid. Thus, the Tawhid infers that ALLAH (Subhana Watala) is one, unique, with no son, parents, no relatives, no partners or any similar or equal. Its difference with the creatures is absolute. The affirmation of the oneness of ALLAH (Tawḥidullah) is the first duty of a Muslim to say: “I bear witness that there is no god but ALLAH (Subhana Watala) and that the Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His Messenger”

In Islam, the need for affirmation of monotheism or Tawhid by men, is the cause of sending all the Prophets and all the Sacred Books they received “To every community We sent a messenger: “Worship ALLAH, and avoid idolatry” (Al Quran, 16:36)

The very foundation of the creation of man is the worship of ALLAH: “I have not created the jinn and mankind except to worship Me” (Al Quran, 51:56)

Basic Teaching of Islam

The Tawhid, or the uniqueness of ALLAH (Subhana Watala) is the basic teaching of Islam as it is in the Quran or Sunnah. Islam teaches that ALLAH (Subhana Watala) is unique and absolute. The Quran focuses its message on Tawhid. The iconic Surat pure monotheism Al-Ikhlas was revealed when the Prophet (peace be upon him) began to present Islam to his people and that he asked who is ALLAH:

tawheedSay: “ALLAH is one. This is the ALLAH to whom all things are directed to their needs. He has not begotten and has not been born. He has no equal in anyone ” (Al Quran, 112)

This Surah perfectly summarizing the meaning of Tawhid is quoted in a Hadith as equivalent to one third of the Quran (Imam Malik’s Muwatta)

Tawheed is logical evidence in Islam. In this, the Quran calls human beings to reason and think observing the organization of the creation, the vastness of the universe, harmony and extreme care natural processes or the human condition in order to certify the existence of one God and believe and obey It.

Through the Quran, it is only ALLAH (Subhana Watala) who communicates himself Its characteristics, His attributes, His names and what He expects of humans.

Opposite of Tawhid

The Tawhid opposes shirk or “association sin of polytheism.” The Shirk is a notice of appeal, supplication or prayer committed to someone or something other than the ALLAH (the Creator), (worship of idols or statues, invocation of the dead, etc.) It means adoration is not exclusively devoted to Allah without intermediary or partner. According to the Quran, shirk is the greatest sin in the eyes of ALLAH (Subhana Watala), because it is the only sin that is not forgiven if the person who commits dies without repenting:

“ALLAH (Subhana Watala) will not forgive association with Him, but He forgives anything less than that to whomever He wills. Whoever associates anything with ALLAH (Subhana Watala) has devised a monstrous sin. (Al Quran, 4:48)

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Tawheed as exclusive worship God alone, it is considered the message sent by God to all his prophets since the beginning of time. This is transmitted to the post Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, and all other Messengers, Prophets and Messengers. Last time that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) would be the heir of the monotheistic message and makingTawhid history preached by all the prophets, which is now called Islam. Islam does not see itself as a new religion, but rather as a resurgence of the same eternal message of Tawheed revealed through the ages by all the Prophets and Messengers of ALLAH (Subhana Watala).

We never sent a messenger before you without inspiring him that: “There is no god but I, so worship Me.” (Al Quran, 51:25)

Source: http://www.dafiyah.com/blog/tawheed-oneness-allah

Pray Timing Worldwide

Namaz (Salat / Salah / Pray)

The prayer has set times to run. Allah (Subhana Watala) said in Quran: “True prayer has been prescribed for the believers determined times”. (Surah 4 – Verse 103)

Prayer TimesIt is prescribed and certified as the Quran said those hours in the following verse: “And perform prayer at the two ends of the day and a few hours of the night. Good deeds erase bad this is a warning for those who think”. (Surah 11 – Verse 114)

In Sura Taha: “Celebrate the praises of your Lord before sunrise and after sunset, the famous overnight, Famous-The morning and evening, if you wish to be happy”. (Surah 20 – Verse 130)

In Surat Israel: “Recite your prayer for the decline of the sun until the dark of night. Recite the Quran at dawn, this is a good time”. (Surah 17 – Verse 78)

Praise Allah before sunrise: That is the dawn prayer, and celebration before the sunset prayer means in the afternoon, as indicated by the report narrated in both “Sahihs” after Jarir bin ‘Abdullah El-Bajli who said: “We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) he contemplated the moon and said,” you will see your Lord as you see this moon, and you will never be deprived of seeing so if you can pray before sunrise and before sunset, do it.” Then he recited this verse (cited above).

Besides these are the hours fixed by the Quran. As for the Prophetic tradition, he has specified as follows:

According to Abdullah bin Umar the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The time of the noon prayer begins when the sun leaves the meridian, while the shadow of the man with the length of its size until the time of prayer in the afternoon which extends until the sun jaundice. The time of the sunset prayer extends to the disappearance of the twilight. The time of the evening prayer extends until midnight. The time for Fajr begins at the break of dawn and ends before the clear appearance of the sun. Once emerged, stop praying because it rises between the two horns of Satan.” (Muslim)

According to Jabir bin Abdullah (R.A.) Jibril (A.S.) came to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Arise and make this prayer.” Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) made ​​the noon prayer when the sun has left the meridian. Then the time of the afternoon came, he said, “Get up and make this prayer.” And he did the prayer of the afternoon when the shadow of a thing has reached its length then the time sunset came. He told him: “Get up and pray this,” he made ​​the sunset prayer when the sun is fully coated. Then it was time for the evening, he said, “Get up and make this prayer.” He then made ​​the evening prayer at the disappearance of the twilight. When dawn finally was cleared he told her the same thing.

During the noon prayer on the second day Jibril (A.S.) came to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Arise and pray this” and he made ​​the noon prayer when the shadow of a thing reaches its length, then the time the afternoon. However on arrival time of sunset Jibril (A.S.) ordered him to say his prayers at the same time yesterday. Then after crossing half the night (or he said the passage of two-thirds of the night) he ordered him to evening prayer. Finally, when the dawn appeared, he ordered him to the dawn prayer. And he said: “The time set for the prayers are limited by both time.”  (Ahmad, Nasai and Tirmidhy)

Bukhary (R.A.) said: ”It is the most authentic in terms of the hours fixed for the prayers.” He meant: Prayer led by Jibril (A.S.).

Noon Prayer (Zohar Namaz) Time

The time fixed for the noon prayer

The time of the noon prayer begins when the sun leaves the meridian “being up” at a time when the shadow of a thing reaches its length except the shadow caused by the decline. But it is better to delay the noon prayer at the beginning of the time when the heat is excessive because it prevents the fear of Allah in prayer and leads man to rush. There are many hadiths that reinforce this view: 1 From Anas (R.A.) “The Prophet (peace be upon him) hastened to prayer in its early hours “It was cold, but it was very hot waiting for the freshness to perform prayer.” (Bukhary)

According to Abu Dhar (R.A.) “We were traveling with the Prophet (peace be upon him). When the muezzin wanted to call to noon prayer, he said, “waiting for freshness.” Shortly after the muezzin still wanted to call to prayer. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “expects freshness” and he repeated it two or three times. Finally when we saw the shadow of the hills, he said: “Excessive heat is an offshoot of Hell, so if it is hot, wait freshness to perform prayer.” (Bukhary – Muslim)

The limits of freshness

There is a disagreement between the Ulema about the limits of freshness, some said we should wait until the length of the shadow extends from an elbow after the decline, others have said, it is necessary that the length of the shadow is a quarter the size, and was told that it should be a third of the size, it also said it should be half the size, and was told something else but practiced rule is that the limits are determined by the opportunities provided they do not have extend to the end of the set time for prayer.

Afternoon Prayer (Asr Namaz) Time

The time set for the afternoon prayer

Namaz TimeThe time of the afternoon starts when the shadow of a thing reaches its length, and that other than the shadow caused by the decline, and this time extends until sunset. According to Abu Huraira (R.A.) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever manages to make a one rak’ahs at the afternoon, before the sun layer will be complete in time for the prayer of the afternoon.” (El- Jamaa)

Bayhaqy (R.A.) reported according to the following version: “Whoever does one rakahs of prayer in the afternoon before the sun layer, and manages to complete the rest after the sun has not missed the afternoon prayer.”

Moment of choice and time abhorred

The times are the perfect choice and end with the yellow sun. That’s how it was explained to the hadith of Jabir and Abdullah bin Umar, already mentioned, it is permissible to delay prayer after yellowing but is abhorred, if there is no excuse. According to Anas (R.A.) I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: “It is the prayer of false devotee, he sits watching the sun until it is between the two horns of Satan at that moment he gets up and runs 4 rakahs quickly mentioning Allah very little “ (Ibn Maja, EI-Jamaa)

In interpreting “Sahih Muslim” Nawawi said: Our companions said there five times for prayer in the afternoon:

  1. Time of perfection
  2. Moment of choice
  3. Moment of PEI: Mission without abhorred
  4. Moment of permission but abhorred
  5. Time for those who have excuses

The perfect moment occurs at the beginning of time, the moment of choice extends until the length of the shadow is twice that of the object, the permission extends to yellowing sun, one of the hated permission extends yellowing at sunset and finally when those excuses is the time of the noon prayer for those who joined the prayer of the afternoon with that of noon because of travel or rain. In these moments of prayer will be fulfilled eventually but if we lost moments after sunset it will not be carried forward and will be redone later.

The affirmation of the earliest possible place in a cloudy day

Burayda (R.A) said: We were with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) on an expedition, he said: “Perform the prayer of a cloudy day as soon as possible.  For whoever lacks the prayer of the afternoon will be eliminated all his good work.” (Ahmad – Ibn Majah)

Ibn Qayem said: ”There are two kinds of negligence: if not pray forever, in this case all his works will be eliminated, but if he fails once in a given day. His good work in this day will be eliminated.”

The prayer of the afternoon is the middle prayer

Allah (Subhana Watala) said: (Observe prayers punctually, including through prayer, contribute to the glory of Allah (Subhana Watala) full of fervor). (Sura 2 – Verse 238)

Authentic hadith have said that prayer is the prayer through the afternoon.

According to Ali (R.A.) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said on the day of the battle of the Allies: “Allah fill their graves and fire their houses, because they gave us the diversion through prayer until sunset.” (Bukhary – Muslim)

In another version reported by Muslim, Ahmad and Abu Dawood: ”They gave us the diversion through prayer, the prayer of the afternoon.”

Sunset Prayer (Maghrib Namaz) Time

The time set for the sunset prayer

The prayer time sunset occurs when the sun goes down and it disappears into the horizon extends to the disappearance of the twilight as indicated by the hadith of Abdullah bin Umar (R.A.) who said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The time of the sunset prayer begins when the sun tans layer the horizon, before the disappearance of the twilight.” (Muslim)

who also reported from Abu Musa (R.A.) that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) about the hours fixed for prayer, then he quoted the hadith and ordered him to prayer at sunset the disappearance of the horizon, and the next day he was ordered to delay the prayer until the disappearance of the twilight, and told him: ”Hours of this prayer are limited by these two moments”

Nawawi said in the interpretation of Sahih Muslim: “Our fellow researchers have looked to prefer permission to delay as long as the twilight has not disappeared and it is allowed to run between these times, and we should not blame those who did not executed at the beginning of his time.”

Indeed, this view is correct and valid, or the hadith cited about prayer led by Jibril (A.S.) where he mentioned that “it was the prayer of sunset in two days at the same time”, says the preference run this prayer at the beginning of his time and some hadiths have stated that:

  1. According to Es-Saib bin Yazid (R.A.) the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “My nation will keep the good fuel as they do the sunset prayer before the stars appeared.”  (Ahmad – Tabaniny)
  2. In the “Musnad” from Abu Ayub El-Ansary (R.A.) The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Make the sunset prayer when the fasting man breaks his fast before the appearance of stars.”
  3. In “Sahih Muslim” According rafe bin Khadij (R.A.): “We did the sunset prayer with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and the one started at a time when we could see where his arrows fall.”
  4. Also According to El-Salama bin Akwa (R.A.) the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was the prayer of sunset when the sun goes down and disappears from the horizon.

Evening Prayer (Esha Namaz) Time

The time set for the evening prayer

The evening prayer is held after the onset of dusk, and extends to the middle of the night. According to Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) they were the evening prayer between the disappearance of the twilight and the first third of the night. (Bukhary) and from Abu Huraira (R.A.) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “If I am afraid it hurts my nation, I would order to delay the evening prayer until the passage of the third or half the night.” (Ahmad, Ibn Maja and Tirmidhy)

salat timeAbu Saeed (R.A.) said: We waited for the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) one night to the evening prayer with him, once he arrived, he directed three our prayer and said: ”You can go back to your places, people already won their diapers, you will have the reward of praying the moment which you expect. If there is not among you weak, the sick and people who work and need it done, I am delaying prayer until half the night will have” (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Nasai and Ibn Khuzayma)

As at the time of permission and necessity, it extends until dawn as stated in the hadith of Abu Qatada (R.A.) who narrated from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him): “There is exaggeration in sleep except for one who has not made ​​his prayer, and sleeps until the arrival of the end of the second prayer.” (Muslim)

On the other hand it shows what hours fixed for all prayers extend to the beginning of the end of the other prayer except for the dawn prayer, because his hours do not extend to the beginning of the term the noon prayer. According to Ulema (scholars) it term ends with the sunrise.

The recommendation to delay the evening prayer

It is recommended to delay the evening prayer the end of his time of choice. That is to say, half the night as indicated by the hadith of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) who said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) delayed after the evening prayer until that most of the night has passed, then said: “This is the time of this prayer if it does not hurts my nation.” (Muslim – Nasai)

Also we have already quoted the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (R.A.) that Abu Said and (R.A.) they both have the same meaning as that of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and indicate the recommendation to delay the evening prayer.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) was not applied to perform at this time because it was difficult for the other executors when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was observing the attitudes of people who prayed with him, and sometimes he walked and sometimes he delayed. According to Jaber (R.A.) The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was the prayer of the afternoon when the sun is still white and clean, and it was the sunset prayer when he disappeared from the horizon, as the evening prayer, he the advanced if they were assembled and they were late he delayed. As for the dawn prayer the Prophet (peace be upon him) would execute before the light appeared, (That is to say at the end of the night). (Bukhary – Muslim)

Morning Prayer (Fajr Namaz) Time

The time set for the Morning Prayer

The Prophet said: “The most burdensome prayers for the hypocrites are salaat al-isha and salaat al-fajr, but if they only knew what they contain a reward, they would come even if they had to crawl.” (Ahmad)

He also said: “Whoever prays Fajr under the protection of Allah Do not put yourself in a situation where you to account for your negligence Allah” (Tabaraani)

It also says. “Angels take turns with you night and day they meet at salat al-fajr and that of al-Asr, those who stayed with you at night resumed their ascent and are questioned by One Who Knows better than they: “How did you let My servants” They say? Starting, we let praying and returning, we found them praying.” (Bukhaari)

According to a Sahih Hadith: “Whoever prays al-Bardayn enter Paradise” (Bukhaari)

Bardayn are Al-Fajr Al and Al Asr. Way to help us not to miss this important prayer we can take into account the threats and the reward mentioned in the hadith quoted but also take the following habits in sha Allah! Some merits the prayer of Fajr “Whoever made ​​this prayer time (plus Al isha the day) it’s like he did Al qiyam (the night prayer) throughout the night. “ Be under the protection of Allah. “Angels attend this prayer (and that of Al Asr)“

Sleeping and evil activities

Shaitan puts every night nodes on each of us, the one who rises to the prayer of Fajr makes Dhikr (Subhan Allah, La ilaha illa Allah, or whatever …), then made ​​his ablution and pray Allah rid of all these nodes and the person becomes happy and active (vibrant). “Whoever up for this prayer does not give the opportunity to Shaitan urinating in the ears (while those who do not rise, Shaitan urine in their ears). * The Prophet (s) said that the one who makes Al Al Fajr and Asr, Allah will admit to Paradise. Some boards will perhaps you seem crazy, but apply them, you will be surprised to bed early. According to a sahih hadith, the Prophet did not like sleeping before Esha and talk after. Ensure that it is clean (taahir) and recite Adhkaar (invocations) before falling asleep. This helps the people to stand up for fajr. Having a sincere intention and being determined to stand up for fajr at bedtime. Remembering Allah dice awakening. Some may initially rise, and go back to bed. But if we remember Allah soon the alarm, it will untie the knots of Shaytaan, and will motivate you to lever. Quand accomplishes Wudhu (ablution), our determination becomes stronger and even more on the Shaytaan away. Seek help from family to pray Fajr and encourage each other to this end. ”Help you one another in piety and fear of Allah” (al-Maaidah 5: 2)

“By al Asr (the time) ! Surely man goes to his loss, Except those who believe and do good works and recommend the truth and recommend patience.” (Al-’Asr 103 :1-3) Invoke Allah to help us get up to pray fajr on time. Dua is one of the greatest sources of strength and success in all things.

Throwing water on the face of the sleeping person

Prophet praised the man who gets up at night to pray and wake his wife, and when he refuses to get up, he throws water on his face, and he praised the woman who gets up at night to pray and wakes up her husband, and when he refuses to get up, she throws water on his face (Ahmad)

Being lively and active upon waking

We should stand up immediately and not get up in stages. The only way to avoid going back to sleep is to get up immediately. Do not stay up late, even to pray qiyaam al-layl. Some can stay late to pray qiyaam al- layl and follow asleep a few minutes before fajr and be unable to stand for prayer. Do not eat too much before going to sleep, we take deeper sleep when we ate too much. Those who eat a lot and get tired so much they sleep. This is why you should try to eat light in the evening.

Follow the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in his sleeping position. It should lie on the right side, place the right cheek in the right hand. This position makes it easy awakening. The best advice is the advice Mohammed (peace be upon him) and it’s better to sleep as well as in any other position that makes it difficult to wake up. Helping napping during the day in the sense that we will then need less sleep at night.

Do not sleep between Asr and Maghrib, because after that we will set later and later lying was more difficult to remove. Sincere devotion Allah (Subhana Watala) is the best motivation to get up for prayer, because Allah (Subhana Watala) is the One who controls all the aid. If a person is really sincere and heart burning devotion to Allah (Subhana Watala), then Allah (Subhana Watala) will help him get up to pray al -fajr on time, even if it goes down a few moments before fajr.

“Whoever prays fajr is under the protection Allah (Subhana Watala). Do not put yourself in a situation where you have to account for your negligence to Allah (Subhana Watala), because whoever is in this situation will be set apart and then thrown into the Fire of Hell” (Muslim)

Original Article: Pray Timing Worldwide

Fasting After Ramadan

Six Days Fasting in the Month of Shawal

Shawwal (Arabic: شوال) is the tenth month of the Muslim calendar and it comes after the month of Ramadan. Muslims Fasting whole month of Ramadan either 29 or 30 days, there are many evidence of authentic ahadis for fasting Six days in the month of Shawal after Ramadan and Eid day.


The e fasting six days of Shawwal after the obligatory fast of Ramadan is a desirable Sunnah but not a requirement.

Recommended that fasting has great merit and generates a great reward to the extent that the fasting will be registered for the benefit of the reward of fasting a year according to an authentic hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him) narrated by Abu Ayyub (May Allah pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadan and follows by fasting six days of Shawwal is as if he fasted all the time” (Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Nasai, and Ibn-e-Maajah)

Reward of Shawal Fasting

The Prophet (peace be upon him) explained the previous hadith in these words: “Whoever fasts six days after Ramadan has completed the year: “Whoever performs a benefit seen multiplier by ten. “Another version says: “Allah multiplies the benefits tenfold: 1 Ramadan = 10 months and 6 days = 60 days (two months) = 12 months in total. That’s a full year.” (Nasai and Ibn-e-Maajah): “The fast of Ramadan is fasting ten months and six days two months, which is a full year.”

reward-shawal-fastingFasting cannot escape the neglect and sin that could have a negative impact on his fast. On the day of Resurrection, use supererogatory actions to address gaps in the required practices. It is here that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The first thing about which we will undergo a reckoning people will prayer … Our Master Mighty and Majestic will say to His angels – when He knows more than them – “Look at my servants prayers to whether they were made ​​of complete or incomplete.” If they prove to be complete, they will be recorded as it is. If they prove to be incomplete, the Master say, “See if my slave has any supererogatory works. If this is the case, use them to complete his obligatory works. “Here’s how the work will be handled.”  (Abu Dawood)

Women Fasting in Shawal

Should the woman begins by catching days of Ramadan which has failed because of menstrual periods then proceeds to fasting six days?

women-shawal-fastingShe wants to receive the reward mentioned in the hadith or the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever fasts the month of Ramadan and followed by fasting six days of Shawwal is like someone who has fasted all the time” (Muslim)

She must complete the fast of Ramadan and the first to follow fasting six days of Shawwal to the hadith can be applied to it and which enjoys the reward mentioned.   Regarding the postponement of catching up fast during Ramadan where it will be able to perform before the next Ramadan, it is allowed.

Fasting after Eid

Fasting six days should it take place immediately after the end of Ramadan feast days or more, provided to observe the succession of days in the month of Shawwal?

It is not required to initiate the fast immediately after the Eid because we can start one or more days after the Eid. It can also fast successive days or separated in the month of Shawwal according to its possibilities. The case is flexible because it does not compulsory, but optional.

Original Article: Fasting After Ramadan

The Day of Eid

Eid Al-Fitr Celebration

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Every nation has its festivities and these are yours.” In this hadith the Prophet indicates to the two Muslim holidays (both Eid) and states that are specific to Muslim holidays.

Eid-MubbarakMuslims do not have a celebration with the exception of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Anas (R.A.) said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to Medina when the people of this town had two celebrations. During these two days, parades and festivities took place. The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked the Ansar (Muslims of Madinah) about it. They replied that before Islam they used to organize parades during these holidays. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Instead of those two days, Allah has chosen you two other days which are better, it is Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.” (Abu Dawood)

Eid-ul-FitrBoth celebrations are part of Allah’s blessings for which we should be considerate and we need to understand the meaning. We will now mention a few rules and decorum of the day of Eid.

Rules for The Eid Day:

  1. The prohibition of fasting: It is forbidden to fast on the day of Eid in the hadith of Abu Said Al-Khudri (R.A.) in which he reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade fasting day of al-Fitr and the day of al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice). (Muslim)
  2. Attend the Eid prayer: some scholars believe that the Eid prayer is obligatory. This is the opinion of the Hanafi scholars and Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah. Other scholars say that it is an obligation of community complacency regarding the community as a whole. Once a sufficient number of individuals in charge, others are exempt. This is the opinion of the Hanbali scholars. A third group of scholars believes that the Eid prayer is a highly recommended Sunnah. This is the opinion of the Malikis and Shafi.Eid-al-Fitr
  3. Perform Prayers: There are no Prayers to do before or after the Eid prayer. Ibn Abbas (R.A.) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to go out on the day of Eid and make two units of prayer without precede or follow any other prayer. This applies when the prayer is done outside. However, if the Eid prayer is performed in a Masjid, he should perform the prayer of greeting the mosque.
  4. Women should attend the Eid prayer: According to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) everyone must attend the Eid prayer and act with righteousness and piety. The menstruating woman should not neglect the remembrance of Allah or flee the place where people gather pursue knowledge and evoke Allah, except for mosques. Women, of course, should not go out without their hijab (veil).

Eid Day Sunnah:

  1. Taking a ritual bath (Ghusl): A good manners should be observed for the day of Eid is to take a ritual bath before going to prayer. It is reported that Said ibn Jubayr said: “Three things are recommended on the day of Eid: to walk (to the place of prayer), take a ritual bath and eat something before you go out (for Eid al-Fitr).”
  2. Eat before leaving: Do not go to prayer on the day of Eid al-Fitr without eating some dates. The hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari according Anas ibn Malik says: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) never went out in the morning of Eid al-Fitr without eating a few dates and he would eat an odd number.” With regard to the Eid al-Adha, it is recommended not to eat before the end of the prayer room and first part of the meat of the sacrificed animal.
  3. Takbir on the day of Eid: This is one of the most important days of the recommended actions. Ad-Daraqutni and others have reported that lorsqu Ibn Umar (R.A.) came out the day of Eid al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha, it applied to the takbir throughout the way to the place of prayer, and he continued to do so until the arrival of the imam.
    Eid Day
  4. Shaking Hands and Hugs: To welcome mutually Muslims can exchange their vows and whatever form. They can, for example, say “Allahu minna wa-Taqabbal minkoum” (Allah approves our good deeds and yours). Noufayr Ibn Jubayr said: “At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) when Muslims met on the day of Eid, they said “Taqabbal-Allahu Minna wa minka” (Ibn Hajar)
  5. Wear his best clothes: Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) had a cape he wore the day of Eid and Friday.” Al-Bayhaqi reported that Ibn  Umar wearing his best clothes on the day of Eid, men could then show the best clothes they had when they went to pray.
  6. Change path returning from Masjid / Place of Eid Prayer: Jabir Ibn Abdullah (R.A.) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) rented by a different path back from the Eid prayer. (Bukhari)

Article Source: Eid Al-Fitr Celebrations

Itikaf in Last Ashra

Retreat in the Mosque

Al Itikaf it is staying in the mosque with the intention of worship, but if there is no intention we cannot consider it as a Itikaf and the person who has done this will have no reward, unless it remains in the mosque waiting for Salaat because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ”One of you is Salaat as it still awaits (Salaat) and it is what prevents him from returning home.”

Itikaf in Last AshraHow the Prophet (peace be upon him) was performing Itikaf (retreat in the mosque), It is the most perfect and easier. In his desire to reach the night of Merit (Lailatul Qadr), He (peace be upon him) was removed in the first place in the mosque (Masjid) during the first ten days of the month of Ramadhan, then in a second step it is removed during the second decade. When He knew that blessed night is in the last ten nights (Last Ashra), he continued to place his retreat (Itikaf ) in this period until He met his Master and exalted, and it is this last phase than restraint Aisha (R.A) when it stated in a hadith narrated by Bukhari: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) was retired (Itikaf ) during the last ten days of Ramadan until his death. After his death his wives continued to do.”

Once He has not made retirement during the last ten nights (Last Ashra) and caught up in the first ten days of Shawwal. (Bukhari – Muslim). During the year of his death, he made Itikaf 20 days. (Bukhari)

The Ulema in explanation of this data (exceptional) suggested the following assumptions:

  • The Prophet (peace be upon him) knew that his life was about to reach its end, and for that, he wanted to multiply good work to show members of the community what to do at the end of their lives to meet Allah (Subhana Watala) in best conditions.
  • He did this because Jibril (A.S.) listened to recite the Quran once each during Ramadan and during the year of his death, Jibril (A.S.) made him repeat the recitation twice. Whence came the idea would be to double the length of his retirement (Itikaf ).
  • A more plausible explanation is that doubled the length of his retirement (Itikaf ) that year because he was on a trip last year. This is indicated by the report narrated by al-Nasaai (author of this version) and Abu Dawood and declared authentic by Ibn Hibban from Oubey Ibn Kab (R.A)) who said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to make a spiritual retreat (Itikaf ) during the last ten nights of Ramadan … One year, he traveled during the month of Ramadhan and has observed retired as usual. During the following year, he made ​​retire than 20 nights.” Extract from Fath al-Bari.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) is made ​​up a small tent in the grounds of the mosque (Masjid), he isolated himself there was oriented exclusively towards his Master blessed and exalted, and so remained until the end of his retirement (Itikaf ). Once he made ​​the retreat in a Turkish tent (small) and installed a mat at the door to use the curtain.” (Muslim)

Ibn Al-Qayam mentioned in book Zad al-Maad (2/90): “All this is designed to make full retirement (Itikaf ), unlike the ignorant who turn their retreat in a meeting visitors where we argue speech. This has nothing to do with pious retirement as practiced by the Prophet (peace be upon him).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) remained in the mosque (Masjid) and never left that to go meet their natural needs. In this regard Aisha (peace be upon him) said: “When He was on the retirement, he returned home to satisfy its natural needs.” (Bukhari – Muslim)

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The Prophet (peace be upon him) saw to stay clean. That’s why he left his head to the room of Aisha that the lava and comb her hair. Aisha (R.A.) Said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) stretched his head towards me while being removed in the mosque (Masjid). I painted it and her hair, although my rules. “In another version of this hadith: “I washed it.” (Bukhari – Muslim)

The term “al-Shaar Tardjil” means combing. Al-Hafedh said: “The Hadith indicates that it is permissible to clean, wear perfume, wash, shave and to maintain the body. The majority of Scholars think that only acts outcasts remain in a mosque (Masjid) during the retreat (Itikaf ).”

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) practiced spiritual retreat, he went over to the bedside and not attending funerals. It was because he needed to focus his attention on his acts of worship and ensure the achievement of the goal of retirement is to isolate people to resolutely towards Allah (Subhana Watala). Aisha said: “The Sunnah is that making the retreat (Itikaf ) does not render to the bedside of a sick, do not participate in a funeral, do not caress a woman, do not sleep with her ​​and leaves his place as for an absolute necessity.” (Abu Dawood)

In Nayl al-awtar Shawkaani said: “The term does not caress a woman means: do not sleep with her.”

Some of his wives visited him during his retirement (Itikaf ). When one of them left him, he was driving. This happened in the night. In this regard, Safiya (R.A.), one of his wives told that she had gone to visit him while he was on the retreat in the mosque (Masjid) during the last ten nights of Ramadan (Last Ashra). And she stayed with him for some time. And when she wanted to go home, the Prophet (peace be upon him) accompanied her”(Bukhari – Muslim)

In short, the Prophet (peace be upon him) practiced spiritual retreat (Itikaf ) with ease and without any excessive rigor. All his time was devoted to the remembrance of Allah (Subhana Watala) and the acts of obedience in the context of the search for the night of Merit (Lailatul Qadr).

Article Source: http://www.dafiyah.com/blog/itikaf-in-last-ashra/

Fast (Roza) Meanings

As we have seen, Islam is in the direction of human happiness in this world and the other, with all that implies. A next Islamic notion is in the afterlife that everyone will be judged according to what he has done on earth. The blessed, those who have achieved success are those who then find through games of Allah, our Lord. But what is the time in which we live, the man is made ​​not only of the soul but also the body as well, it is the physical and spiritual effects of fasting that concern us in this study.

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Importance of reason and for everyone knows that the willful murder is abhorred by all civilizations and religions condemn the murderer to hell while the innocent victim, the victim deserves Paradise. Everyone also knows the defense of a just cause (the fight against an aggressor, for example) is a must. And whoever kills an attacker is considered a hero who deserves all the rewards on earth and in heaven. The difference between these two types of murders does not reside only in the intention? Thus, if one refrains from eating and drinking on his physician is not doing the same action as if we deny food and drink to obey the commandments of Allah and to serve Him! Allah is our Creator, our legislature. He will receive us after our death and we demand an account of our actions here on earth. Whoever obeyed obtain mercy, even if he has not found all the secrets of His Command. The practice of fasting on the order of a revealed religion and law entails obtaining divine grace. What benefit in this world and the other can surpass the eternal grace of the Lord? Material patterns, ostentation, or other similar sentiments tarnish the purity of our intention. May our fasting is therefore solely and exclusively made ​​to please Allah and follow His commandments! This is what we also teach the famous words of the Messenger of Allah: “The shares are worth by intentions.” (Al Bukhari)

Article Source: http://www.dafiyah.com/blog/fasting-meanings/

Fasting Duration

Jews, Christians and Hindus live to the rhythm of the solar year, either directly or via spacers with a lunar calendar days. Thus, the time of fasting always returns to the same season. Muslims follow a purely lunar calendar, and therefore their time of fasting the month of Ramadan, passes successively through all the seasons of the year. What is the best system to another?

The earth on which we live is not all experience the same climate? Man suffers excessive temperatures that are too hot or too cold. Hot and cold seasons are not felt in the same way from one region to another pole (Canada, northern Europe, for example.) Summer is the best season near the poles, but absolutely not near the equator and in sandy deserts. The spring season can be a temperate, but several countries near the equator (southern India, for example) do not know, because there are just three seasons: Winter and summer season rains.

In a religion with a universal vocation, a fast fixed in a given season will therefore constantly advantages to some, constantly challenges the other, or at least discomfort for the inhabitants of such regions. But if the season of fasting regularly changes there will be alternating the benefits and challenges, and no one will take to the legislature. In addition to fast rotation accustom everyone in every season.

This training, the ability to refrain from eating for a cold winter or hot summer give believers an endurance that will serve them in adversity. Moreover, those who have a traveled little know that seasons are not the same everywhere at the same time. The seasons are reversed on either side of the equator when it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere, it is summer in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa.

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If Islam had ordered fasting, for example, in January of each year, it would still be in winter for some Muslims, always been for others. Or if Islam had ordered fasting, for example, in winter, one would fast in January, others in July, causing this continual challenge for people in some areas as we have seen above, and lack of unity. In other words, no world community can’t observe fasting based on the solar year without causing discomfort to the faithful, based on a solar year fast should a regional religion, while not yet providing it’s loyalty during fasting in all seasons.

Fasting based on a lunar calendar seems the most reasonable and best suited formula. It is also the only practical solution of the problem for a global community.

Article Source: http://www.dafiyah.com/blog/fasting-duration/